Perspectives on Open Access from Georgia Tech Faculty

Speakers: Lance Fortnow, Michael Chang, Ajit Yoganathan, and Michael Best (moderator)

Date: October 23, 2013
Time: 2 p.m. - 3 p.m.
Location: Pettit MIRC Building, Conference Room (room 102 A/B)
This session will be streamed live at:

Open to everyone; intended to be of interest to all disciplines on campus

Lance Fortnow

Professor and Chair of the School of Computer Science of the College of Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology

Lance Fortnow is professor and chair of the School of Computer Science of the College of Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His research focuses on computational complexity and its applications to economic theory. He also holds an adjoint professorship at the Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago.

Fortnow received his Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics at MIT in 1989 under the supervision of Michael Sipser. Before he joined Georgia Tech in 2012, Fortnow was a professor at Northwestern University, the University of Chicago, a senior research scientist at the NEC Research Institute and a one-year visitor at CWI and the University of Amsterdam.

Fortnow's research spans computational complexity and its applications, most recently to micro-economic theory. His work on interactive proof systems and time-space lower bounds for satsifability have led to his election as a 2007 ACM Fellow. In addition he was an NSF Presidential Faculty Fellow from 1992-1998 and a Fulbright Scholar to the Netherlands in 1996-97.

Among his many activities, Fortnow served as the founding editor-in-chief of the ACM Transaction on Computation Theory, served as chair of ACM SIGACT and currently sits on the Computing Research Association board of directors and the council of the Computing Community Consortium. He served as chair of the IEEE Conference on Computational Complexity from 2000-2006. Fortnow originated and co-authors the Computational Complexity weblog since 2002, the first major theoretical computer science blog. He has thousands of followers on Twitter.

Fortnow's survey The Status of the P versus NP Problem is CACM's most downloaded article. Fortnow has written a popular science book The Golden Ticket: P, NP and the Search for the Impossible loosely based on that article.

Michael Chang

Deputy Director of the Brook Byers Institute for Sustainable Systems at Georgia Tech

Dr. Michael E. Chang is the Deputy Director of the Brook Byers Institute for Sustainable Systems at Georgia Tech. His research focuses on the complexity of the urban and regional environment, and how nature, technology, economics, and culture lead to both environmental problems and solutions.  Additionally, Dr. Chang is the Editor-in Chief of the Sustainable Engineering domain of Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, a new open-access scientific journal that publishes original research reporting on new knowledge of the Earth’s physical, chemical, and biological systems; interactions between human and natural systems; and steps that can be taken to mitigate and adapt to global change. He holds degrees in atmospheric chemistry (MS, Ph.D.), environmental policy (MS), and aerospace engineering (BAE) all from Georgia Tech.

Ajit Yoganathan

Wallace H. Coulter Distinguished Faculty Chair and Associate Chair for Research in the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering and a Regents’ professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University

Dr. Ajit P. Yoganathan is the Wallace H. Coulter Distinguished Faculty Chair and Associate Chair for Research in the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering and a Regents’ professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University. He is also the founder and the Director of the Center for Innovative Cardiovascular Technologies. He received a Bachelor of Science and a Doctor of Philosophy in Chemical Engineering in 1973 from University College, University of London and in 1978 from the California Institute of Technology, respectively.   Since joining the faculty at Georgia Tech in 1979, Dr. Yoganathan was instrumental in founding the joint biomedical engineering department with Emory University and has mentored 50 doctoral students, 35 masters’ students, and 30 post-doctoral trainees. 

Dr. Yoganathan’s 40+ year research career has been pioneering and translational in nature by applying basic engineering science to develop meaningful human health outcomes, specifically in the realm of cardiovascular engineering and biology. In his effort to take an interdisciplinary and translational approach to his research, Dr. Yoganathan has established collaborations with clinicians, scientists, and industry professionals world-wide. His work utilizes experimental and computational biomechanical techniques to study native and artificial heart valves, structure function of the left and right sides of the heart, congenital heart diseases, and to develop minimally invasive cardiovascular interventions. He also uses non-invansive techniques such as laser Doppler velocimetry, digital particle image velocimetry, and Doppler ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging to study and quantify blood flow physiology in the cardiovascular system, both on the bench and in vivo. 

Dr. Yoganathan has published over 300 peer reviewed journal articles and 40 book chapters in leading biomedical journals and books.  His research and work has also contributed to the inventions of a variety of medical devices. In 2009, he co-founded APICA Cardiovascular with his invention of an innovative transapical access and closure system that is designed to simplify and standardize the technique used to open and close the apex of a beating heart.  In the same year, another one of his inventions, on mitral valve repair, was licensed to a major cardiovascular medical device company. 

Dr. Yoganathan’s career has been distinguished by a number of high honors.  In 1985, Dr. Yoganathan was awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship from West Germany to spend 9 months at the Helmholtz Institute for Biomedical Engineering, Technical University of Aachen. He received the Edwin Walker Prize from the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, UK in 1988. In 1992, he was elected a founding fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering. The same year, he also spent six months at the University of Aarhus, Denmark as a Visiting Professor of the Danish Research Academy.  He received the H.R. Lissner Award, for his contributions to the field of bioengineering in 1997 from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.  In 2005, he was awarded the Theo Pilkington Award, for his contributions to Biomedical Engineering education by the American Society of Engineering Education.  He was also appointed the Founding Editor in Chief of Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology, the newest journal of the Biomedical Engineering Society, in 2010.  And in 2011 he was selected to be the Biomedical Engineering Society’s 2012 Pritzker Lecturer, one of the highest honors given to a BMES Member. 

In addition to his research and educational activities, Dr. Yoganathan serves as a leading consultant for international, government, professional and industrial organizations.  He currently chairs the International Standards Organization Subcommittee on Cardiovascular Implants, and is a fellow and previous member of the executive committee of the Biomedical Engineering Society.  He served as a member of the NIH Surgery and Bioengineering Study Section and former chair of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Bioengineering Division.  He collaborates with and advises professionals in the cardiovascular medical device industry, working with companies such as Medtronic, St. Jude Medical, Edwards Life Sciences and Boston Scientific.




Michael Best

Dr. Michael L. Best is associate professor at the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs and the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology where he directs the Technologies and International Development Lab. Dr. Best is director of the PhD Program within the Sam Nunn School. He is also a faculty associate of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Professor Best is co-founder and Editor-in-Chief Emeritus of the widely read journal, Information Technologies and International Development. He is a frequent consultant to the World Bank, ITU, and USAID. He holds a Ph.D. from MIT and has served as director of Media Lab Asia in India and head of the eDevelopment group at the MIT Media Lab.